The ability to count off a loan rate is a significant element of financial literacy. It helps to specify, even before the signing of the agreement, whether you have enough funds to pay off the loan. After receiving funds, calculate how much you will have to return back. You can calculate loan rates using several formulas.

## Why calculate interest rates on a loan?

Basically, the interest loan rate is a payment for utilizing the borrowed funds. Calculating the interest on a loan will help you plan ahead for repayment. If you immediately see the amount of overpayment that you need to repay, you can assess your strengths and define whether you should take a loan in such a situation.

If the amount to be repaid is too large, then you should refuse such an offer. The initial loan estimation is also necessary for the lender. So the lender will define how much he will get from the borrower after he has paid a loan back. The lender will compare the amount received with the approximate income of a client – if it turns out to be too large, he can alter the terms or refuse the loan.

## How is interest charged on a loan?

When calculating interest on a loan, 4 indicators play the main role:

- amount (body) of the loan;
- interest rate;
- loan term;
- frequency of payments.

All these terms, as well as the procedure for calculating interest, must be writtent down in the loan agreement.

The procedure for calculating interest rate is governed by the law. Interest rate on a loan, unless otherwise written down in the agreement, should be charged on the loan amount for the entire period of its actual use. Moreover, they are calculated by the number of ongoing payments. If the debt is repaid in one amount at the due term, then the overpayment is calculated at the end of this term.

If the debt is repaid in equal installments – for example, weekly or monthly payments – then interest is calculated on the date of payment on the balance of the debt. Rates are calculated by calendar days, so you need to consider the number of days in a year (365 or 366) and in a month (31, 30, 28 or 29).

## How do I calculate interest using a calculator?

The easiest way to calculate interest on a loan is to use an online calculator. Such a service will allow you to quickly define the overpayment irrespective of where and how the loan was issued. It can be used both for microloans from the lender or referral service, and for loans issued from other people and organizations. To calculate overpayments on a loan in the calculator, you must specify:

- term – in days or in the form of a calendar period;
- loan amount Interest rate If there are overdue payments – the amount of the penalty and the duration of the delay;
- debt repayment procedure.